Agua Fria River Petroglyphs

Arizona Water: limited perennial stream reaches and vulnerability to baseflow loss due to increased reliance on ground water requires careful management to assure the sustainability of water resources, community character, and long-term economic health of Arizona.

Home page for Arizona NEMO
Arizona NEMO Home Page


Welcome to Arizona NEMO!

Education and Outreach about the Connection

between Land Use and Water Quality


A partnership with University of Arizona Cooperative Extension,

the Water Resource Research Center, and the

Arizona Department of Environmental Quality


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News about Water Quality Information, Websites, Funding Sources and More...

Hot Topics!

New Funding Opportunities




Online Newsletters

Online Tools

Seminars, Workshops and Volunteer Projects

Agency Public Comment Opportunities

WaterSense Fact, from EPA Water Headlines



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If you have difficulty accessing any portions of this website with adaptive technology, please contact NEMO.





EPA's Office of Water Launches Updated Web Site

The new site will be organized by topic and will featurea a consistent navigation menu.


NEW Arizona Water Map Poster and Educators’ Curriculum Guide.

The NEW version of the Arizona Water Map includes stunning graphics showing groundwater aquifers, physiographic provinces, and watersheds, each important to understanding where water is and how water moves through our environment.


New Web Site About Drinking Water Issues Available to Small Communities.

Free articles and educational resources about maintaining safe, sustainable, and secure water supplies in small and rural communities. A joint effort of the Rural Community Assistance Partnership (RCAP) and the National Environmental Services Center (NESC)


Climate Change Indicators in the United States. EPA's report will help readers interpret a set of important indicators to better understand climate change.  The report presents 24 indicators, each describing trends related to the causes and effects of climate change.


AZ Rural Water Infrastructure Committee (WIFA) Website.

Communities with projects in the works should fill out a Project Info Form.


EPA Handbook for Developing Watershed Plans to Restore and Protect Our Waters


EPA Interactive Mapping Tool Shows Arizona Environmental Enforcement.

The EPA has a new Web-based interactive map that allows access to detailed information by location about enforcement actions taken at 4,600 facilities.


Free Training for New and Potential N-SPECT Users.

Learn to use the Nonpoint-Source Pollution and Erosion Comparison Tool (N-SPECT). Free online training by NOAA is scheduled for January 14th, April 15th and July 22nd, 2010.


EPA Launches "TMDLs at Work" Web Site.

"TMDLs at Work" is a collection of stories to share the potential benefits of Clean Water Act section 303(d) tools for protecting, maintaining and restoring the nation's water quality.


Water Availability For Agriculture. Agriculture will be impacted significantly by changes in water availability and cost. The Council for Agricultural Science and Technology has released a new publication titled Water, People and the Future: Water Availability for Agriculture in the United States.


One section of the report is devoted to Water Resource Sustainability in Arizona. In that section, the authors note that "few unallocated renewable water supplies remain, so the increasing water needs for urban areas will require either transfers of water from other uses or new mechanisms to exchange or transfer treated saline water."


Verde River Watershed Visualization. Come fly with us through the Verde River watershed! Under a new NSF Geosciences Education Program grant, SAHRA at the Univ. of Arizona is developing a 3-D visualization of the Verde watershed.


New EPA Online Module (slideshow) on the Effect of Climate Change on Water Resources and Programs.


Conservation Buffers: Design Guidelines for Buffers, Corridors, and Greenways is a US Forest Service, USDA and NRCS publication for planning and designing buffers in rural and urban landscapes.Vegetative buffer can be applied to protect soil, improve air and water quality, enhance fish and wildlife habitat, produce economic products, provide recreation opportunities, or beautify the landscape. This publication is available for order as a spiral-bound field guide, as a downloadable PDF.


AZ DroughtWatch tracks drought impacts across Arizona. One of the program’s activities is to report anecdotal observations about drought conditions by non-specialist volunteers.  Dr.Mike Crimmins, of the Department of Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences at the University of Arizona, is developing a network of “citizen-scientists” to participate in this project. To join go to ( ). 


New Informational Sheets on Agricultural Best Practices to Protect Groundwater Now Available. Three new wellcare® informational sheets on agricultural best management practices to protect groundwater are now available through Water Systems Council. The first sheet in the series “Protecting Groundwater through Agricultural Best Management Practices”. Other sheets in this series include “Proper Use and Disposal  of Pesticides and Fertilizers” and two new sheets for 2009: “Protecting Groundwater by Managing Animal Waste” and “Protecting Groundwater through Proper Petroleum Storage Practices on the Farm.” There are 80 information sheets currently available.


Arizona NEMO's Wet/Dry monitoring is listed on President Obama's "United We Serve" website that helps volunteers to connect with service projects.


Water Foodprint Network. People use water for drinking, cooking and washing, but even more for producing things such as food, paper, cotton clothes, etc. The water footprint is an indicator of water use that looks at both direct and indirect water use of a consumer or producer. The water footprint of an individual, community or business is defined as the total volume of freshwater that is used to produce the goods and services consumed by the individual or community or produced by the business.


Use MyEnvironment to Find Local Enviromental Data Online. Enter a location such as address, zip, city, county, waterbody, park name, etc. (e.g., 22207, Arlington, VA or Difficult Run). EPA's MyEnvironment provides a cross-section of environmental information based on the user’s location.


EPA's "Healthy Watersheds" web site provides information on tools to identify and protect healthy watersheds and their components (i.e., landscape condition, ecological processes, biotic condition, etc). The site is designed to aid state officials, local governments, watershed practitioners, and regional agencies.


EPA Launches Interactive Web Tools in Celebration of Earth Month. EPA's Earth Day Web site offers you many tips and fun ways to protect the environment and your health every day.


Arizona Water Atlas. A compilation of currently available water-related information for Arizona. More Info ...


Clean Water Act / Endangered Species Act - Supreme Court Links



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New Funding Opportunities


See our Funding Sources page for more funding opportunities.


WIFA Grants. The Water Infrastructure Finance Authority of Arizona's (WIFA) is an independent agency of the state of Arizona and can finance the construction, rehabilitation and/or improvement of drinking water, wastewater, wastewater reclamation, and other water quality facilities/projects. WIFA offers borrowers below market interest on loans for one hundred percent of eligible project costs.

(2011 Applications due April 30, 2010.)


The Arizona Grants Access Tool and Experts Source (AzGATES) is an online database connecting those in need of funding with local, national and international sponsors who can help serve that need. More than 800 active users have already discovered AzGATES to help find the funding they need. With 900 current sponsors/funding resources, AzGATES caters specifically to Arizona residents, communities, and organizations by providing the most relevant funding opportunities possible. Access is free and includes a member profile. Sign up today! (Updated March 18, 2010.)


Arizona Grant Programs.


The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency CARE Grants to reduce pollution at the local level through the Community Action for a Renewed Environment (CARE) program. CARE is a community-based program that builds partnerships to help the public understand and reduce toxic risks from numerous sources. (Closing Date is March 9, 2010.)


EPA Watershed Funding Home Page

Designed to help nonprofit watershed organizations, state and local governments, and funders (such as foundations) more easily find information on how to effectively obtain and invest resources to improve watershed health. (Updated March 18, 2010)


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The Payson Roundup

Bad Septic Systems can Poisen Wells. This story covers Kristine Uhlman's presentation to the Star Valley Water and Sewer Commission, on Nov. 17, 2009.


Volunteer Water Qualitylity Monitoring Programs supported by Land Grant Universties. The site provide a map and a list of programs.


WRVO Radio

Water Drops Podcast. May 2, 2008 (new two minute programs updated weekly). A joint project of SUNY Oswego, the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry in Syracuse, and Peter E. Black.


Tucson Citizen

Groups, feds join to push law aimed at saving lands, Mar. 4, 2008

Arizona National Monuments, including the Agua Fria National Monument


Big Bug News

70 volunteers brave cold to learn mapping, gps skills, Feb. 12, 2008


Tucson Weekly

Water Ways: Is it time the Feds cleaned up their act?, Nov. 8, 2007 





--Managing Stormwater in an Arid Climate Video (featuring Kristine Uhlman)


"Stormwater Management from a Watershed Perspective: Extreme Western Climates" wins awards! This is the fifth program in the award-winning Watershed Issues Satellite workshops offered by the Pacific Northwest Regional Water Quality Program. This video looks at Anchorage, Alaska, and Arizona. Working with the Coordinator of Arizona's NEMO (Non-point Education for Municipal Officials), the cameras record strategies used to control the massive runoff caused by summer 'monsoon' rains. Watch the video here.



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The Ecological and Hydrological Significance of Ephemeral and Intermittent Streams in the Arid and semi-arid American Southwest. Published by the EPA and USDA/ARS Southwest Watershed Research Center. 2008.

This report represents a state-of-the-art synthesis of current knowledge of the ecology and hydrology of ephemeral (dry washes) and intermittent streams in the American Southwest


Emerging Contaminants in Chicago Area Rivers, a Sierra Club Study, 2008 (near bottom of river monitoring page)

The River Prairie Group of the Sierra Club has intiated a water monitoring project for several waterways in DuPage County, including Salt Creek and the east & west branches of the DuPage River.


NRCS Rapid Watershed Assessments for Arizona.

The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) in Arizona, in partnership with the University of Arizona Water Resources Research Center, has completed Rapid Watershed Assessments (RWAs) for several priority watersheds in the state. The RWAs incorporate existing information, along with new data to produce a profile of the watershed and an assessment of conservation status and needs.


Watershed Handbook - EPA's Office of Wetlands, Oceans, and Watersheds released a online document this week to help communities, watershed organizations, and local, state, tribal, and federal environmental agencies develop and implement watershed plans to meet water quality standards and protect water resources. The "Handbook for Developing Watershed Plans to Restore and Protect Our Waters" is available at


EPA Application of Watershed Ecological Risk Assessment Methods to Watershed Management

This report supplements the Guidelines for Ecological Risk Assessment (see hstory links) by addressing issues unique to watershed-scale ecological risk assessment. Using lessons learned from watershed ecological assessments, the report presents guidance and examples for scientists performing ecological assessments at the watershed-scale. The report also can be useful to risk assessors, watershed associations, landscape ecologists, and others seeking to increase the use of environmental assessment data in decision making.


USGS Online Interactive Map Service for Displaying Groundwater Conditions in Arizona

The report describes a publicly-available online interactive map service that presents several different layers of ground-water-conditions information for the alluvial basins in the Lower Colorado River Basin in Arizona.


Show Low Creek Watershed Enhancement Partnership, Watershed Management Plan, 2008

The goal is a watershed capable of providing sustainable, viable economic, social, educational, cultural, and environmental benefits for current and future generations.


Montana Watercourse Volunteer Water Monitoring Guidebook

This guidebook is designed to serve both community and educational groups who are either initiating volunteer monitoring programs or expanding a well-established program.


Ecological Limits of Hydrologic Alteration, new fact sheet from The Nature Conservancy. The fact sheet is based on and briefly summarizes the draft journal
article, "The Ecological Limits of Hydrologic Alteration (ELOHA): A New Framework for Developing Regional Environmental Flow Standards", which has been submitted to Freshwater Biology. Click for a pdf of the fact sheet.


Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) 2006 (released in 2008) an on-line electronic database, housing information about chemical releases at facilities across the country. TRI tracks and contains detailed information on releases of nearly 650 chemicals and chemical categories from about 23,000 industrial and federal facilities. The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986 established the TRI program. In 1990, The Pollution Prevention Act expanded the program by including data on toxic chemicals released, as well as treated, recycled, and burned for energy recovery.


Tucson Water Planning Documents

1) Water Plan: 2000-2050--the Utility's comprehensive long-range planning report issued in November 2004

2) 2008 Update to Water Plan: 2000-2050--includes revised planning assumptions in response to changes in the planning environment (issued in February 2008).


Layperson's Guide to Arizona Water, new publication from the Water Education Foundation and the University of Arizona Water Resources Research Center.


National Forests on the Edge, November 2007

This study projects future housing density increases on private rural lands at three distances—2, 3, and 10 miles—from the external boundaries of all national forests and grasslands across the conterminous United States.


Water Quality Monitoring Manual, Narrow River Preservation Association

This manual provides the step-by-step instructions for water quality monitoring on Narrow River.


Understanding Arizona's Riparian Areas

University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, 2007, edited by George Zaimes. This publication includes chapters on Defining Arizona’s Riparian Areas and their Importance to the Landscape, Characterization of Riparian Areas, Hydrologic Processes in Riparian Areas, and other topics.


EPA document "Total Maximum Daily Loads with Stormwater Sources: A Summary of 17 TMDLs"

This report summarizes 17 TMDLs that have been developed for stormwater sources in 16 states throughout the country during the past eight year. They represent a range of pollutants, models used, and different allocation and implementation methods.


Arizona NEMO: Integrated Watershed Management and Planning. May-June 2007 Arizona Water Resource Supplement that describes the work of Arizona NEMO with watersheds in Arizona. Download  small pdf  or   large pdf


Water Above, Water Below in Arizona's Big Bug Creek Area. Booklet produced by Clifford Hersted for the Upper Agua Fria Watershed Partnership, 2006. This is a large pdf. Click for a small pdf.


Arizona Republic Special on Arizona Rivers. A 7-day series on the value of rivers in Arizona, starting Aug. 6, 2006.




ADEQ groundwater quality studies. The ADEQ Ambient Monitoring Program has completed studies and has reports available covering 15 groundwater basins in Arizona. These reports are available in both a comprehensive Open File Report (OFR) as well as a compact four-page fact sheet (FS). Any questions about these studies should be directed to Douglas Towne at (602) 771-4412.



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Outreach Connection web site. This site enable water educators in the Tucson region to share information about their outreach and education efforts. Run by the Pima Association of Governments (PAG) and the UA's Sustainability of semi-Arid Hydrology and Riparian Areas (SAHRA).


Rainwater harvesting learning modules on "moodle." The U of A Arid Lands Info Center has an online learning module for simple backyard rainwater harvesting techniques. The module makes use of"how-to" video clips, photos, demonstrations, animations, and interactive quizzes.


NEMO ArcIMS Workshop handouts and worksheets


National Weather Service Tucson Forecast Office Monsoon Season Website


Tribal Compliance Assistance Center and Pollution Prevention information


Website of FAQs on Water related topics


EPA WaterSense Website. Water-efficient products and services


EPA Source Water Protection Website


EPA Water Quality Assessment and TMDL Information Website. EPA has released a new database/website for water quality assessment and total maximum daily loads information. The site, known as ATTAINS, combines two formerly separate databases: the National Assessment Database (for water quality assessment information reported by the states under Section 305(b)), and the National Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) Tracking System (for impaired waters information reported by the states under Section 303(d)). The site includes state-reported information on support of designated uses; identified causes and sources of impairment; identified impaired waters; and status of actions (TMDLs) to restore impaired waters. The website allows the user to view dynamic, continuously-updated tables and charts that summarize state-reported information for the nation as a whole, for individual states and waters, and for the 10 EPA regions.


ADEQ Groundwater Basin Factsheets & Reports, Ambient groundwater quality studies in Arizona.


Western Water Assessment - Website with information and links to identify and characterize regional vulnerabilities to climate variability and change, and to develop information, products and processes to assist water-resource decision-makers thorughout the Intermountain West.


ADEQ GIS Web page - Website providing environmental data and information on facilities and clean up sites throughout Arizona, from ADEQ's program divisions: Air Quality, Tank Programs, Waste Programs and Water Quality.


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Online Newsletters


Alliance for Water Efficiency Online Newsletter


United Nations Water Portal

2005-2015 is the International Decade for Action "Water for Life"


Arizona Water News including the Southwest, from Brown and Caldwell.


Southwest Hydrology. A bimonthly trade magazine for hydrologists, water managers and other professionals working with water issues in Semi-arid areas.


EPA Water Headlines Website - weekly online publication


EPA Watershed News


American Water Resources Association (AWRA) Newsletter Archives


Water Online e-newsletter focused on industrial and municipal wastewater treatment, drinking water purificaiton, stormwater management, and more.


On Tap - online magazine from the National Drinking Water Clearinghouse, reporting on technical, financial, maintenance, operations and management, source water protection, and health issues relevant to small drinking water systems.


Legislative Update, provided by the Grand Canyon Chapter, Sierra Club


Colorado Nonpoint Source Connection Newsletter


Stormwater Online Magazine



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Online Tools


Web Soil Survey. Web Soil Survey (WSS) provides soil data and information by the National Cooperative Soil Survey. It is operated by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). NRCS has soil maps and data available online for more than 95 percent of the nation’s counties. The site is updated and maintained online as the single authoritative source of soil survey information.


Arizona Native Vegetation Biotic Communities On-line Interactive Map is now avaialable. To obtain site elevation and topography information, zoom in close to the specific map area. The Contours Layer will automatically appear in the left frame. Turn on the Coutours Layer and refresh the map.


USGS Flood Map An online, user-friendly map that tracks flood conditions, developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).


TMDL Knowledgebase Clearinghouse


EPA Urban BMP Performance Tool


EPA Nonpoint Source Outreach Toolbox for use by state and local agencies, and other organizations interested in educating the public on nonpoint source pollution or stormwater runoff.


EPA Web-based Watershed Plan Builder, an interactive web-based tool to improve efforts by state and local communities in protecting and restoring local water resources, helps develop integrated watershed plans to meet state and EPA requirements.


EPA Watershed Management Tool, "Better Assessment Science Integrating Point and Nonpoint Sources" (BASINS)

A multipurpose system that integrates environmental data, analytical tools, and modeling programs to help regions, states, and local agencies develop cost-effective approaches to watershed managment and environmental protection.


Pima County Regional Flood Control District Alert System - Rainfall totals for Eastern Pima County.


Online Basic Hydrologic Sciences Course, MetEd (Meteorology Education & Training) by the COMET (Cooperative Program for Operational Meteorology, Education & Training). For people without formal training in hydrology, defines key terminology, explains critical hydrologic processes, includes case studies, and some modules in Spanish.


USGS EarthNow! Landsat Image Viewer - See almost live images from Landsat 5 and 7 satellites as they pass over the United States.


To sign up for the EPA's Water Headlines listserve, send an email message, leave the subject line blank, and address it to: In the body of the message write: Subscribe Waterheadlines first name last name
(Please leave one blank space between each word, do not include any other message, and use your actual name- i.e. Subscribe Waterheadlines Robert Jones)




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Seminars, Conferences, Workshops and Volunteer Projects


University of Arizona Cooperative Extension Calendar


Upper Agua Fria Open Space in the 21st Century. Public Meetings to gather ideas on use, problems and managment of open space on public, private and state lands in the Upper Agua Fria Watershed extending from Prescott Valley and Highway 169 to Cordes Junction and Crown King.

Third Monday , 6:30 PM, Academic Distributing (ADI), 12180 E. Turquoise Circle, Dewey, AZ, corner of Bradshaw Mountain Road and Turquoise Circle. Sabra Schwartz of the AZ Dept. of Game & Fish will be presenting a review of available wildlife inventory data.

Contact Garry Rogers for more information.


Arizona WET - Water Education for Teachers. Workshops.


Master Watershed Stewards Program. Training and volunteer activities.


Citizens Water Advocacy Group - Upper Verde River Basin and the Prescott Active Management Area

Community Watershed Alliance - Middle San Pedro Watershed

Friends of the Rio de Flag

Friends of the Santa Cruz River

Friends of Sonoita Creek

Gila Watershed Partnership

Granite Creek Watershed Improvement Council

Little Colorado River Watershed Coordinating Council

Oak Creek Canyon Task Force

Oak Creek Watershed Council

Phoenix - East Valley Water Forum

Prescott Creeks

Stormwater Outreach for Regional Municipalities - Greater Phoenix Metropolitan area

Upper Agua Fria Watershed Partnership

Upper Little Colorado River Watershed Partnership

Upper San Pedro Partnership

Verde Connections, Stewards of Public Lands

Verde River Basin Partnership

Verde Watershed Association

Yavapai County Water Advisory Committee


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Comments on Agency Activities

These are public comment opportunities that affect our watersheds and waterways, and all the species that depend on them, including us!


National Forest Plan Revisions in Arizona

Coronado National Forest

Apache Sitgreaves National Forest

Coconino National Forest

Kaibab National Forest

Prescott National Forest

Tonto National Forest


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WaterSense Fact - from the EPA


Leaky faucets that drip at the rate of one drip per second can waste more than 3,000 gallons of water each year.

To learn more about WaterSense labeled faucets and the final specification, please visit


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“Water is life's mater and matrix, mother and medium. There is no life without water.”


Albert Szent-Gyorgyi

(Hungarian Biochemist, 1937 Nobel Prize for Medicine, 1893-1986)


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